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Process

  1. Propose Identity Governance and Risk Standards Extensions for SSI to ISI WG
    1. Decentralized legal semantics
    2. Privacy Controller Credential 
    3. Unified Notice Control Language
  2. ISI WG review of  White Paper (for specification) ask  IS WG to approved specification


Notice & Consent for people relies on clear communication. 

Decentralized identity relies on legal semantics to instruct the scope of technical semantics.  Legal semantics for data control (that people can see and expect in person) are mirrored to provide data governance that people expect with the use of identifiers  and claims online.   Identity and traditionally data governance referring explicitly to control the flow of data in between domains and borders.

Specification work Proposed for to extend international Decentralized Semantic Governance for the DDE. 

  • Privacy Controller Credential 
  • Unified Notice Control Language for People
  • Conformity Assessment
    • People, Orgs, Regulator Transparency for DDE


Notice & Consent Task Force 

Project owner:

Mark Lizar Salvatore D'Agostino

Team members:

Ken Adler


Status

ACTIVE 





Overview  

Decentralized Data Governance for Data subject’s (data) rights. This task force mission is to enhance  identity and data governance interoperability  with the use of ToiP governance model with this specification for a privacy controller credential and the Unified Notice Control Language, for data governance and control.

Decentralized Semantic Governance Stack

The Identity and Data Governance Stack of Specifications used to create this specification are designed to utilize OCA to overlay legal notice and consent schema's on to the existing ISO/IEC 29100 framework for jurisdictional privacy/surveillance notice profiles.

Then to enable identity governance interoperability by translating a local governance schema to the internationalized schema base for governance controls and privacy rights.  Then, to overly the next schema for localized identity and data governance controls, which utilized the same surveillance and privacy semantic governance framework for identity and data control interoperability.  

In this process the OCA utilizes this  stack of standards and specifications to syncratically harmonize purpose driven interoperability for meta-data and identity governance (by extending International standards)

The Stack

  1. The use of international standards framework for security, privacy and identity management  is critical for interoperability of data and identity controls internationally.
  2.  management of data  decentralized identifiers, VC's and the ISO 27710 series,Security Techniques - Information Security Management Systems -
    1. ISO/ IEC 29100 Security Techniques - Privacy Framework  (for identifier governance) 
    2. ISO/IEC 29184 Onlin,e Privacy Notice & Consent
    3. ISO/IEC 27560 Consent Record Structure (Kantara Notice & Consent Receipt specifications) 
      1. Decentralized Proof of Notice for orgs 
      2. Decentralized Proof of Processing (aka consent) for people
  3. W3C  Data Control Vocabulary ( maps  legal semantics to ontology) to harmonize decentralized legal semantics with machine readable semantics for linking identifiers and personal data. 
  4.  OCA Specification for Operational Semantic Notice 
    1. conformity assessment vectors for OCA schema's 
      1. legal schema overlay from localized privacy law schema 
      2. legal schema conformity assessment to ISO baseline 
      3. legal schema overlay conformity assessment to a privacy law schema 
      4. conformity assessment report on legal adequacy for privacy rigxzhts and associated infrormation controls

Background

  1. A key challenge to interoperability is addressed with the International ISO/IEC standards framework 29100 and 29184. This provides a semantic control framework to address the lack of semantic harmonization for personal data control  which provides security for the portability and control of private information and is a required for people to be able to independently consent and control personal information.  This challenge first presented the W3C DoNotTrack Conference in Berkeley California. 'Opening Up the Online Infrastructure
  2.  This turned into a Kantara Specification effort in 2014 and now, last year, ISO voted to fast track this to a standard 27560, to be used with ISO 29184 to address what was know by the  phrased of the Biggest Lie on the Internet, was a focus of a movie Terms and Condition's May Apply. With an international governance rule set, people can use independently of Terms and Conditions. 
  3. With the success of this work as an international standard this Task Force aims to collaborate to support an International data governance authority framework as an open resource for master data control transparency over personal information (with standardized notice)

Requirements Privacy Controller Credential Specification (in Open Consent Groups' OPN Architecture)

Providence  chain starts with the person who is accountable bound to a legal entity. 

Legal Entity Accountability Levels according to Tiers of Privacy Risk

Tier 0 - No-Risk Indicated :  Self Asserted Binding  with a privacy policy - providing minimum Privacy Risk Assurance (trustworthy Transparency)

  • A non registered Broadcast listing 

Tier 1 - Policy Controller - Low Risk - doesn't process personal data electronically, does not collect or process personal information, and for any personal identifier, this is minimized and secure, has internal security for data of employee's

Tier 2 -  Privacy (data) Controller - Does process personal data for commercial benefit and use

Tier 3 - Very High Risk - invisible public surveillance, surveillance of children /vulnerable people etc   Beneficial owners (required) 

Tier 4 - Controller Operator - Provides Registration services for Privacy Controller Credentials, Mitigates Privacy Risk with codes of conduct and certifications that accredit codes of practice.  Controller can then register to these codes of conduct and practice 


References for use for creating a Unified (generic) Data Control Vocabulary for OCA

Standard/Specifications

Title

Description 

Resource Status

ISO 29100

Information technology — Security techniques — Privacy framework

ISO/IEC 29100:2011 provides a privacy framework which

  • specifies a common privacy terminology;
  • defines the actors and their roles in processing personally identifiable information (PII);
  • describes privacy safeguarding considerations; and
  • provides references to known privacy principles for information technology.
Status - Is publicly available - https://www.freestandardsdownload.com/iso-iec-29100-2011.html
ISO/IEC 29184:2020Online privacy notice and consent
(just published - not available to public - we are working on publishing a report/appendix for use with this group )
W3C DPV  0.01Data Privacy Vocabulary
  • legal ontology for technically breaking down and mapping legal ontology to a data legal ontology - 
  • the Notice +  CR V1.2 and W3C DPV, also use a common set of purpose categories. and the Kantara CR v1.1 for purpose specification
  • (note shared by initial FIHR approach - now much more evolved) 

Reference: OPN-Notice Schema

OPN: Open Notice  (+ Consent) Receipt Schema: Starters Guide to Unified Data Control Schema

Lizar, M. & Pandit, H.J., OPN: Open Notice Receipt Schema, 14th International Conference on Semantic Systems (SEMANTiCS 2019), Karlsruhe, Germany, 2019 [Published http://www.tara.tcd.ie/handle/2262/91576 [accessed July 1, 2020]


Field Name

Field Label

Format

Description 

Required/Optional

Schema Version

version

string

The version of specification used to which the receipt conforms. To refer to this version of the specification, the string "v1" or the IRI "https://w3id.org/OPN/v1" should be used.

Required

OPN Privacy Profile URI

profile

string

Link to the controller's profile in the OPN registry. 

Required

Type of Notice Receipt

Notice Receipt

string 

Label Notice Receipt 

Required

Receipt ID

id

string

A unique number for each Notice Receipt. SHOULD use UUID-4 [RFC 4122].

Required

Timestamp

timestamp

integer

Date and time of when the notice was generated and provided. The JSON value MUST be expressed as the number of seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 GMT (Unix epoch).

Required

Signing Key

key

string

The Controller’s profile public key. Used to sign notice icons, receipts and policies for higher assurance.

Optional

Language

language

string

Language in which the consent was obtained. MUST use ISO 639-1:2002 [ISO 639] if this field is used. Default is 'EN'.

Optional

Controller Identity

controllerID

string

The identity (legal name) of the controller.

Required

Legal Jurisdiction

jurisdiction

string

The jurisdiction(s) applicable to this notice

Required

Controller Contact

controllerContact

string

Contact name of the Controller. Contact could be a telephone number or an email address or a twitter handle.

Required

Link to Notice

notice

string

Link to the notice the receipt is for 

Optional

Link to Policy

policy

string

Link to the policies relevant to this notice e.g. privacy policy active at the time notice was provided

Required

Context

context

string

Method of notice  presentation, sign, website pop-up etc

Optional

Receipt Type

The human understandable label for a record or receipt for data processing.  This is used to extend the schema with  profile for the type of legal processing - and is Used to identify data privacy rights and controls 

OCA schema specification: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1KOdq8Yy3OXmuELyh7tpHMlhyMZPSZ3Ib/edit#gid=68769926

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